Chester >> The Red Bluff Bass Anglers fished at Lake Almanor on Memorial Day Weekend and held the club’s annual awards ceremony on Saturday night. The ladies fished on Saturday for two of their biggest fish. Julie Sisneros took first place with a winning weight of 6.29 lbs. Kit Reynolds finished second with 5.58 lbs. and Tonya King took third with 5.55. The guys fished Sunday, and Chris Wells won with 15.57 lbs., Jeremy Johnson finished second with 14.77 and Jesse Sisneros took third with …
A display on Solomon Mahlangu, who was hanged in 1979 at the age of 23. This headline refers to the 1980 Silverton Siege, when 25 people were taken hostage in Volkskas Bank, Silverton, Pretoria, by three ANC members who were later allshot dead.(Images: Lucille Davie) MEDIA CONTACTS • Sello Hatang NMF communications manager +27 11 547 5600• To arrange an appointment to view: Ethel Arends MNF records management specialist +27 11 547 5676. RELATED ARTICLES • Tribute to Arthur Goldreich • Liliesleaf to sprout new hotel • Sharpeville remembered • SA, Angola strengthen ties • New ward opened for Smile WeekLucille DavieAfrican National Congress (ANC) military wing Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) turns 50 this year, and in commemoration, the Nelson Mandela Foundation is hosting an exhibition highlighting the organisation during its active period.Movingly displayed in the foyer of the foundation’s offices in Houghton, the exhibition is titled In pursuit of liberty: legality vs justice. Its theme is “heroism, martyrdom and the ethical principles of South African liberation movements”.Visitors can learn about the struggle of MK cadres against apartheid.The exhibition has three main areas of focus – the Rivonia triallists and their capture at Liliesleaf; the story of Solomon Mahlangu who in 1979 became the first MK soldier to be executed by the government of the time; and the 1980 bank siege in Silverton, Pretoria, and the subsequent Soekmekaar and Silverton trials, which became the “turning point of the liberation struggle”.“The exhibition portrays how freedom fighters used the apartheid courts and police holding cells as sites of struggle,” said a press statement.“It evokes unpleasant memories of the turbulent apartheid years, but it can help those who were born after the dawn of democracy to understand the heavy price their forebears paid for democracy.”In pursuit of liberty runs until the end of 2011. Viewing is by appointment only.The South African Post Office, which is a participant in the exhibition, will issue a new set of stamps in support of its successful Legends of Freedom series and its 2009 Solomon Mahlangu stamp.The struggle for freedomIn a moving address at the exhibition’s opening, during which she sang a verse of a freedom song, Deputy Minister of Public Service and Administration Ayanda Dlodlo talked about her time in MK.“Ours was a just war and it should be celebrated,” she said. “It was a war that had to be fought to find freedom.”She described the “vigorous training” that she and many other young South Africans went through in the 1970s, after they left South Africa in the wake of the 16 June 1976 Soweto pupils’ uprising.Dlodlo thanked guest and respected advocate George Bizos, who defended Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Govan Mbeki in the Rivonia Trial, for his support during the struggle years.She also mentioned the citizens of various countries, including Angola, Mozambique, Russia, Sweden and Cuba, who welcomed exiled MK members within their borders. People like the late Zimbabwean politician Joshua Nkomo, music producer Quincy Jones, former Cuban president Fidel Castro, and the Reverend Jesse Jackson had also offered unfailing support to the ANC.“Whites were not our enemy, the system was the enemy,” she said.Dlodlo, who is also secretary-general of the Military Veterans Association, stressed that many comrades in exile were young – some were 18 and 19 years old. The women cadres in exile were called “flowers of our revolution”, a term originally coined by ANC leader in exile Oliver Tambo.Continuing the fightJames Mange, an MK commander who was arrested with Mahlangu and 12 others, described his experience of the trial, and how the death sentence hung over them.“There was no doubt in our minds that John Vorster would hang Solomon,” he said, referring to the state president at the time.Despite a two-year wait during which the government came under intense international pressure to repeal his sentence, Mahlangu went to the gallows in 1979. His hanging “just gave us strength and more determination,” added Mange.Mahlangu’s long incarceration had not broken his spirit, and his last words were reportedly: ”My blood will nourish the tree that will bear the fruits of freedom. Tell my people that I love them. They must continue the fight.”Like a number of struggle heroes, he posthumously received the National Order of Mendi for Bravery, in 2005.Mange, too, was sentenced to death while his comrades were sent to Robben Island, but this fate was commuted to a jail term of 20 years after an appeal.“We were afraid to disgrace the generation before us,” he said, and added that the present generation needs to learn about the sacrifices made by his generation, as they go forward into the future.Taking up armsUmkhonto we Sizwe is isiZulu and isiXhosa for “Spear of the Nation”. The movement played a major role in South Africa’s armed struggle.The decision to form MK was taken in mid-1961 in response to the government’s increasing and sometimes lethal determination to oppress non-white South Africans, despite the fact that resistance action had been peaceful until then. The ANC decided that it had no choice but to take up arms.MK’s founding members were, among others, former president Nelson Mandela and Joe Slovo, the secretary-general of the South African Communist Party.Other key members in cells around the country included Jack Hogson, Ahmed Kathrada, Arthur Goldreich, Chris Hani, Dennis Goldberg, Ronnie Kasrils, former president Thabo Mbeki, current president Jacob Zuma, Curnick Dlovu and Vuyisile Mini.MK announced its presence with a series of bomb attacks on government buildings on 16 December 1961 in Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth. Now the Day of Reconciliation, the 16 December public holiday formerly commemorated the Afrikaner defeat of the Zulus at the Battle of Blood River in 1838, and was known as the Day of the Covenant or Dingaan’s Day.The government promptly banned MK as a terrorist organisation, but this didn’t stop many cadres from receiving military training overseas. During its years of activity the organisation’s operations included sabotage of transport systems and power plants – including the Koeberg nuclear facility – attacks on police stations and military bases, and bomb blasts of varying intensity.Despite fierce resistance from the government and two states of emergency, the first one in 1960 and the second in 1986, the apartheid system eventually fell away.After 29 years MK suspended its armed struggle when the ANC and other organisations were unbanned in 1990, four years before South Africa’s first democratic elections. It was completely absorbed into the National Defence Force by 1994.A display on Solomon Mahlangu, who was hanged in 1979
Over the long term investment in infrastructure development is pro-growth because business can operate more efficiently when you fix overcrowded ports, potholed highways and other bottlenecks. (Image: Brand SA). Sulaiman PhilipSouth Africa’s Constitution is the structure set up to provide a level playing field. It compels the government to ensure economic parity and in so doing build a nation in which citizens can find meaning. The grand promise expressed in that document has raised expectations – ending poverty and discrimination – that could never be achieved in 20 years.We face three intractable challenges – high unemployment, poverty and inequality. The problem facing a developing economy like South Africa’s, caught in the wake of a shallow global recovery, is that tax revenue remains stagnant. This makes it difficult to find the funding for the nation’s grand design without increasing sovereign debt.There are subtle and direct social consequences to creating a stronger economy in a society with a growing inequality problem. It is accepted that inequality has a drag effect on economic growth. It causes wage stagnation, putting pressure on the middle class. Yet as the cost of a university education and the price of buying a home increases it becomes more difficult for people to move up into the middle class. Investment in a combined effort of infrastructure development and training programmes has been a proven path towards strengthening and building a middle class. Infrastructure investment is considered the most direct way to creating skilled, high-paying jobs.Inadequate infrastructure and the funds to build have constrained economic growth and the resulting social inclusion. Whether it is fulfilling the vision of the National Development Plan or building bridges, schools and roads, infrastructure has to be created to grow the economy, which has the effect of raising the standard of living in the country.Late in 2014 the International Monetary Fund (IMF) signalled an important change to thinking and policy. Instead of encouraging governments to embrace fiscal discipline they argued for an investment in infrastructure using borrowed money. More importantly, they argued, debt rather than cutting spending or raising taxes would stimulate growth faster.According to the IMF’s budgetary maths, every dollar of debt invested in new and improved infrastructure increased the economy by three dollars. Infrastructure building programmes – new and improved roads, new power stations and schools – boosts an economy in the short term by creating jobs. Productive workers spend their salaries, which in turn boosts other parts of the economy. The IMF is now arguing that debt as a result of spending on infrastructure programmes is the best way to stimulate economic growth. In South Africa it could help create highly skilled well paying work. (Image: Brand SA).The IMF added: “Over the long run, it’s potentially pro-growth too, because business can operate more efficiently when you fix overcrowded ports, potholed highways and other bottlenecks.” The Great SocietyIn May 1964, US president Lyndon Johnson described his vision of a Great Society in a speech at the University of Michigan. On that day Johnson called on citizens to join with the government to build a more equal society through education that gave all citizens a chance to rise in society and find meaning in life. He called for liveable cities built with the conservation of the environment in mind.In his speech Johnson explained that the country stood at the threshold, faced with building a great society, not just a rich or powerful society. He promised that his Great Society would be “a place where every child can find knowledge to enrich his mind and enlarge his talent… where the city of man serves not only the needs of the body and the demands of commerce but the desire for beauty and the hunger for community”.The speech that gave rise to a social safety net for America’s most needy through access to health care and housing. It also helped pull more Americans into the relative safety of the middle class through expanded public works.Richard Goodwin, the man who wrote the speech, explained that Johnson believed that rising wealth for a few did not liberate Americans to pursue the happiness their constitution promised. A more equitable vital economy was “the only possible direction for liberating, progressive change”. South Africa’s growth targetIn his most recent State of the Nation speech, given in 2014, President Jacob Zuma set a growth target for the economy of 5% by 2019. This target would be achieved through partnerships with communities and the private sector.He spoke of projects in the energy industry, Transnet and Prasa’s multibillion-rand rail projects, and housing projects designed to revitalise dying mining towns. Education and skills development would be prioritised to educate the engineers, doctors, plumbers and teachers the country needed to build the economy. And as the country became more urban, Zuma said, he talked of building new kinds of cities that were more inclusive, efficient places to live.“We urge all South Africans to work with us to make the implementation of these programmes a success. Together let us move South Africa forward.”Support Team SA at Davos on social media by using the hashtag #SAinDavos.
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppUnited States, July 20, 2017 – Miami, FL – Caribbean viewers will have a front row seat to watch the best young athletes from the across the Commonwealth in action at the 2017 Commonwealth Youth Games, as Flow Sports, the Home of Sports in the Caribbean, airs 8 hours of live coverage each day, from July 19 to 23rd.The largest-ever edition of the Commonwealth Youth Games will be hosted this year in The Bahamas and presented by the Bahamas Telecommunications Company (BTC).Flow Sports will once again deliver anytime, anywhere access so ‘on-the-go’ viewers can have the option of watching the coverage on the Flow Sports App or via the website, www.flowsports.co.According to Sean Riley, Managing Director of Flow Sports, “We are pleased to announce that Flow Sports has worldwide distribution rights to broadcast the Commonwealth Youth Games. We are truly proud of this development as it gives our talented young regional athletes significantly more exposure while allowing their families, friends and fans the opportunity to see them in action as they compete on the world stage. This will no doubt delight Caribbean people in the diaspora who wish to catch up on the action of our up and coming star athletes.” As with the highly successful coverage of the 2017 Flow CARIFTA Games in Curacao this past Easter, the Flow Sports team of well-known Caribbean sports media personalities will cover a variety of disciplines such as aquatics, boxing, beach volleyball, beach soccer and judo, anchored in the highly anticipated track-and-field events.The Commonwealth Youth Games is the largest sporting competition to ever take place in The Bahamas and at the official press conference to announce the Games, BTC Interim CEO Dexter Cartwright said, “Today is a very special day for BTC, our sister company Flow Sports l, as we open our arms here in The Bahamas to welcome hundreds of young athletes from almost 70 countries. Continuing our mission to invest heavily in sports, we are proud to officially announce our $250,000 investment in the sixth edition of the Commonwealth Youth Games – and we’re confident it’s going to be the best yet. Good luck to all the competitors!”For a full listing of the daily times for live event broadcasts, please visit the Flow Sports website at www.flowsports.co/tv-guide/.This is the first time the event has been held in the Caribbean in over 50 years – the last being the 1966 Commonwealth Games in Kingston, Jamaica.Press Release: FLOW Related Items:
(PhysOrg.com) — For several years the government of the United Kingdom has been trying to build a low-carbon coal fired power plant by means of competitions between companies seeking the £1 billion reward that would go along with such a contract. The last go-round wound up with just one competitor, Scottish Power whose bid faltered in the end due to it being too expensive. This time an American conglomeration called the Summit Power Group has jumped into the fray by partnering with the National Grid, an electric and gas company that provides service to customers in the United Kingdom and parts of the United States and petroleum company Petrofac. Their idea is to build a Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) coal fired power plant to be located in Scotland’s Port of Grangemouth, that Summit says will release 90% less carbon emissions than conventional plants. Explore further More information: Press release European power plants boosting coal use © 2011 PhysOrg.com Citation: Summit Group announces bid to build carbon capture and storage plant in Scotland (2012, March 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-03-summit-group-carbon-capture-storage.html Summit’s boast is not just marketing hype, they’re already in the middle of building a similar plant in Texas paid for by a grant from the US government.The bid for the plant is due to the UK’s Carbon Capture & Storage Delivery Competition. If built, the plant would be called the Caledonia Clean Energy Project, situated west of Edinburgh on the Firth of Forth; a location chosen due to already existing oil and gas pipeline facilities. In addition to using coal to create electricity, the plant would also produce hydrogen gas for sale to commercial customers. Also, because the location is close to the North Sea, the CO2 that is removed during the process of making electricity could be easily moved and sequestered under the sea for storage, by Petrofac which just happens to have a subsidiary company called CO2DeepStore that does just that.The group says that unlike Scottish Power, who estimated the project would cost £1.5 billion, they can get the job done for the £1 billion that the competition dictates. One possible hiccup thus far though is Summit’s plan to use the CO2 extracted, rather than sequester it, at a later date, as part of an enhanced oil recovery process under the North Sea, which has environmentalists worried.Summit also says that it is able to capture carbon during the process more efficiently than other plants because it doesn’t actually burn the coal used in the plant. Instead, they say, a chemical process is used. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.