Marine sediment cores offer a great number of proxies for reconstructions of past environmental conditions, such as ocean temperature, salinity, primary productivity, stratification of the upper water column and continental precipitation. Up to date, continental precipitation archived in marine sediment cores is reconstructed based mainly on the hydrogen isotopic composition of plant‐wax compounds (i.e., n‐alkane δD) or on the ratio between terrigenous and marine sediments expressed as elemental ratios (e.g., ln (Fe/Ca)). Although these proxies provide reliable precipitation reconstructions, there are some inherent limitations, as plant‐wax δD application depends on the availability of n‐alkanes in marine sediments and elemental ratios can be influenced by other factors like the relative sea‐level, primary productivity and post‐depositional processes. Here we introduce new precipitation proxies based on optically stimulated luminescence and thermoluminescence signals of quartz and feldspar. The rationale is that when precipitation changes over the catchment through time, different sediment sources regarding weathering intensity and parent rock types are drained, supplying sediments with varying signals of luminescence to the ocean. We compared our new proxy records with records of well‐established proxies, for the same (ln (Fe/Ca)) and neighboring (n‐alkane δD) marine sediment cores. The comparison among all proxies as well as with a state‐of‐art transient climate model run (TraCE‐21ka) demonstrates that the new proxies accurately constrain precipitation changes over northeastern Brazil for the last 30,000 years. The main advantage of these new proxies relies on their fast response to precipitation changes over the continent. Furthermore, they are straightforward to measure and not expensive.
The Tanoto Foundation is a philanthropic organization focusing on education founded by forestry tycoon Sukanto Tanoto. Meanwhile, the Putera Sampoerna Foundation is deemed by many to have a connection to tobacco giant PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna.The decision to include the two foundations in the program, however, has outraged the Indonesian Teachers Association (PGRI) and the two-largest Muslim organizations in the country, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah. They have expressed their objections and withdrawal from the program.“The ministry’s criteria for selecting participants are unclear,” PGRI chair Unifah Rosyidi wrote in a statement on Friday.Read also: Home learning hindered by technology gap, Nadiem acknowledges Education and Culture Minister Nadiem Makarim has come under fire after several organizations voiced their concerns over the involvement of private enterprises in the ministry’s latest teacher training grant program.The Mobilization Organization Program (POP) is part of the minister’s Freedom to Learn initiative that aims to improve the quality of teachers by involving communities and organizations. The ministry had selected 156 out of 4,464 organizations that registered for the program. Among them were the Tanoto Foundation and the Putera Sampoerna Foundation. She added that the ministry should reallocate the program’s budget to help poor students and teachers by providing better infrastructure, especially in rural areas amid school closures during the COVID-19 outbreak.“We don’t think the program can be implemented effectively and efficiently. It’s better to avoid undesirable consequences,” Unifah went on to say.The three organizations were selected to participate in the “Elephant” category of the program, making them eligible for the largest grant of Rp 20 billion (US$1.3 million) to train teachers at 100 schools. Tanoto and Sampoerna foundations were also selected in the same category.The NU’s Maarif Institute chairman, Arifin Junaidi, echoed Unifah’s concern: “It turns out that there are many unqualified organizations and foundations.”Meanwhile, Muhammadiyah’s elementary and middle education assembly chairman, Kasiyarno, said corporate social responsibility (CSR) institutions should not participate in the government’s program.Read also: Distance learning threatens to exacerbate education inequality in IndonesiaIslam-based political party politicians also criticized the ministry’s decision, saying organizations with investors should not participate and get support from the state budget.“Organizations with strong backup don’t need state budget assistance,” National Awakening Party (PKB) chairman Muhaimin Iskandar said.National Mandate Party (PAN) executive Saleh Daulay called on President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo to replace Nadiem, saying the government needed a minister who understood the country’s problems in education.“It’s no surprise that Muhammadiyah and NU decided to withdraw from the program. […] [Nadiem] doesn’t understand the history of these organizations in Indonesia,” said Saleh.According to the ministry, the program has three funding options: a fully-funded scheme sourced from the state budget, matching funds scheme and self-financing scheme.Tanoto Foundation spokesperson Haviez Gautama said the foundation would choose the self-financing scheme upon participating in the program, while asserting it had no connection to the corporations owned by its founder.“The Tanoto Foundation will invest more than Rp 50 billion [from 2020 to 2022]. We won’t use the government’s money or state budget,” Haviez said, adding that the foundation had proposed no funding in its proposed budget plan for the program.While reaffirming that the foundation had no connection to the tobacco company, Putera Sampoerna Foundation spokesperson Ria Sutrisno said it had chosen the matching-fund scheme upon participating in the program.“We chose a partnership scheme with various parties as our commitment to collaborate in advancing education,” Ria said, as quoted by tempo.co.The foundation has allocated around Rp 70 billion for teachers improvement and Rp 90 billion for education access improvement. Ria, however, did not reveal the amount of funding it would receive from the state budget to run its program. Read also: Pak Nadiem, please send the kids back to schoolResponding to the criticism, Minister Nadiem said the ministry would evaluate the program before its implementation. His office would involve the community and state institutions during the evaluation, he went on to say.“We have to make sure this program is done with accountability and integrity,” Nadiem said during a press briefing on Friday evening.He added that the evaluation would focus on the integrity of the selection process, credibility of selected organizations and the organization’s effectiveness in running the program during the COVID-19 epidemic. “We will also involve parties that have a history in advancing education in the country,” the minister added.Topics :
Iran became the first team to arrive in Russia yesterday as it touched down at 20:26 local time at Moscow’s Vnukovo International Airport for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia“Being in Russia is a dream come true for Iranian football. We have achieved this dream through lots of hard work and sacrifices, which only heightens how honoured and privileged we feel to be here. The Iranian national team will relish rubbing shoulders with the best teams in the world and being part of this fantastic World Cup family.â€œWe arrive raring to keep this dream going for as long as possible and we look forward to playing our part in making this the best World Cup ever. We would like to send our greetings to all the other teams and their fans, particularly the people of Russia, who will be hosting the competition. We wish you all a great World Cup,” said the teamâ€™s Head Coach, Carlos Queiroz. Iran’s base for the tournament will be the Lokomotiv Bakovka Training Centre in the Moscow region, and the team will play itâ€™s first match on 15 June against Morocco at Saint Petersburg Stadium.Iran was the first Asian team to book its place at Russia 2018. This is the fifth time the Iranians have qualified for the world finals. Their previous appearances at football’s showpiece event came in 1978, 1998, 2006 and 2014.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram
Following the 14th BAFTA Games Awards that took place this April, British marketplace and video game retailer OnBuy took to the United Kingdom gaming industry with a magnifying glass and came out with some interesting findings.Using a map provided by UK Interactive Entertainment, otherwise known as UKIE, OnBuy looked at which regions in the UK were most active in terms of game development and publishing.UK games industry mapThe report cites the British Games Institute, explaining that the UK is among the top five video game producing countries in the world. Games such as Halo Wars 2, Hellblade, and Grand Theft Auto V were all made in Great Britain, and unsurprisingly, the company’s findings point to London as the hotspot for the majority of games companies.The capital of England houses 630 companies that deal with games developing and publishing, making up a total of 28% of the UK’s game companies – which sits at 2,255. Central London is the place in which 48% of those 630 companies operate from, with the likes of Rocksteady Studios and Slightly Mad Studios setting up shop there.Other regions such as the South East and the North West, that are home to 18% and 9% of the UK’s games companies respectively, are other places that the industry is working in. Scotland houses just 9% of the total number of gaming companies, Wales is at 3% with 49 companies, and Northern Ireland at 2% with 39.Contrary to the above results, London has not released the highest percentage of the 19,617 games that have been released from the UK. The South East region makes up 38% of all UK games, which is impressive compared to London’s 29%.What’s noticeable here is that there’s a distinct lack of developers and publishers in the UK working on, or having delivered, esports titles. As of late there’s been no short of tournaments announced for the UK, such as the Rocket League World Championship, the FACEIT CS:GO Major in September and ESL One Birmingham, but games themselves are seldom. There is a Hi-Rez Studios office down in Brighton, but the company (behind the likes of SMITE and Paladins) has its HQ over in Atlanta. Indeed, the USA is home to developers such as Riot Games (though they are now owned by Chinese company Tencent), Valve, Activision Blizzard, Psyonix, Daybreak Games and Super Evil Megacorp, making the States home to a good portion of the top tier esports titles.Head over to Finland and one will find the likes of Supercell and Critical Force. Asia sees the likes of Capcom, Bandai Namco and more of course. Our hope is that as esports grows, and garners more attention in the UK specifically with Majors being located here, and companies such as RFRSH, Riot Games, LVP, ESL UK, FACEIT and Gfinity pushing forward too, that more game developers with esports aspirations will find themselves in the UK.Esports Insider says: While it’s not a shock that the English capital London is at the forefront of the UK’s gaming industry, it’s pleasant to see that other regions have a decent piece of the pie. This means those who want to enter the industry don’t necessarily have to look down south to forge a career in gaming, making it more likely for some people to actually pursue such a thing.
A South Florida commissioner shocked his colleagues and others attending an awards ceremony during Wednesday’s commission meeting.Tamarac Mayor Michelle Gomez and the city’s leadership were handing out Officer of the Month awards and posing for photos with the recognized officers.Afterward, Commissioner Mike Gelin took the microphone from Gomez and asked Broward Sheriff’s Deputy Joshua Gallardo to return to the front of the room.Gelin then criticized Gallardo over what he believed was his false arrest by the officer in 2015, stating, “You probably don’t remember me, but you’re the police officer who falsely arrested me four years ago. You lied on the police report. I believe you’re a rogue police officer. You’re a bad police officer, and you don’t deserve to be here.”Gallardo responded by smiling and walking away.Gomez told reporters afterward, “Completely shocked. This was not something we were expecting. It was supposed to be a wonderful morning. We were giving the awards for the BSO deputies of the month. It was supposed to be a feel-good time.”She took the microphone back from Gelin and expressed support for the officers in attendance and all those who protect our region.According to the website LawEnforcementToday.com, Gallardo took Gelin into custody for resisting arrest without violence in 2014, after Gelin refused to stay away from a scene in which a man had been found beaten.The district attorney chose not to move forward with case, and all of the charges were eventually dropped.“When I shared my video with the state attorney’s office to prove that I did nothing wrong, they declined to file charges against me,” Gelin says. “I had a productive conversation with the Sheriff yesterday and I will try to resolve things and move forward.”Gallardo was being honored at the meeting for his role in the April arrest of a gang member who was wanted for murder in El Salvador and was in the U.S. illegally.