Organisation News PalestineMiddle East – North Africa News RSF_en Reporters Without Borders is dismayed and alarmed to learn that Michael Sfard and Noa Amrami, lawyers for the Ramallah-based Palestinian TV station Wattan TV, have been served with a notice by the Israeli army threatening the station with another raid unless it stops broadcasting.In a letter dated 24 April, the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) legal department said the station’s new frequency was allocated illegally, was in breach of an interim agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, and jeopardized security in the area.“The letter is the umpteenth threat couched in violent language from the Israeli army against Wattan TV, even though the station has complied with a request from the High Court of Justice last December to obtain a new broadcasting frequency from the Palestinian telecommunications ministry,” said Lucie Morillon, Reporters Without Borders head of research.“It seems clear that whatever steps the station takes, the Israeli army will do everything it can to put it off the air. Will they go as far as carrying out another raid, like the one in February 2012?”Moammar Orabi, the station’s director, told Reporters Without Borders that it was another form of pressure by the Israeli army against the station. “But we are not going down that road,” he said. “The Israeli army’s order is illegal since the station has a permit to broadcast issued by the Palestinian telecommunications ministry.”He added: “Furthermore, we have filed a complaint against the Israeli army over the threatened raid.”Interviewed on the website Amad, Orabi said he had “consulted several experts in the field of frequencies and they all told us the station was causing no interference or jamming and there was no danger to security as they have claimed. These allegations are false and are designed to interfere with the work of Palestinian news organizations, which amounts to an attack on freedom of expression.”Reporters Without Borders notes that Wattan TV has been the target of harassment by the Israeli military authorities for several years. The army stormed the station’s offices in February 2012, seizing all its transmission equipment and administrative files dating back to 2002.The Israeli High Court of Justice decided last December not to overturn the army’s decision to seize Wattan TV’s transmission equipment. The court postponed a final decision in the matter until Wattan TV tried to obtain a new frequency from the Palestinian Authority which did not interfere with IDF communications systems. This was done, according to Orabi: “We obtained a new frequency about a month ago.”Despite repeated requests by press freedom organizations and the station’s lawyers, the court accepted, after an ex parte review of secret material, that the broadcasts interfered with some security communications and the seizure of the transmitters was thus legal. Wattan TV asked the court to allow time for it to try to obtain a licence using a different frequency. The army objected as it wanted to make the seizure permanent and take over ownership of the transmitters. The court granted extra time, which has since been further extended. Meanwhile, the Palestinian Authority has allocated a new frequency to Wattan TV but the Israelis have refused to give their consent, although they should have done so under the interim agreement.In light of this, Wattan TV has asked the court to order the army to hand over the transmitters and it has promised not use them until the new frequency is authorized. Wattan TV is awaiting a final decision by the High Court.The Israeli authorities also ordered the management of the station Al-Sheraa Al-Mahalli TV in Tulkarem to suspend broadcasting temporarily in February this year or face the seizure of all its equipment. They used the same excuse, namely that the station’s signal was disrupting Ben Gurion airport and communications inside Israel.According to the station’s director Mohamed Zaydan, quoted in the newspaper Al-Hayat Al-Jadida: “We brought in a committee of experts from the telecommunications ministry as well engineers from Al-Najah university. After checking all devices and equipment belonging to Al-Sheraa Al-Mahalli, the experts concluded that the station was operating in accordance with official standards.” PalestineMiddle East – North Africa WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists May 28, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts to go further Israel now holding 13 Palestinian journalists Follow the news on Palestine June 3, 2021 Find out more News Help by sharing this information May 21, 2014 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Israeli army issues raid threat to Palestinian TV station May 16, 2021 Find out more RSF asks ICC prosecutor to say whether Israeli airstrikes on media in Gaza constitute war crimes News
ZUMA / MGN ALBANY – A new report from nonprofit public education advocacy groups shows that proposed cuts to education will disproportionately affect Black, brown, and low-income students.The report, “Set up To Fail: How Cuomo’s School Cuts Target New York’s Black and Brown Students,” examines potential 20% cuts to the state budget in the wake of coronavirus shortfalls.It shows that the burden of a 20% reduction in school aid would be unfairly borne by high-need schools that serve students of color or students from poor backgrounds. According to the report, high-need districts face a cut of $2,626 per student, whereas wealthier districts—far better-equipped to absorb cuts—face cuts of only $873 per student.According to the Alliance for Quality Education, “It is essential that the most vulnerable students are protected. The governor, Department of Budget, and state legislature will need to develop a more equitable solution to cut the least from high-need districts and cutting the most from wealthy districts.” They use Ohio as an example: “Ohio Governor Mike DeWine, a Republican, made a $300 million cut to public schools this spring; but under Governor DeWine’s plan, the high-need districts in Ohio lost only 1% of their state funding, while wealthy districts lost 40%. DeWine publicly stated that he had an obligation to protect the state’s most vulnerable students, and leave the wealthy districts, which have more local resources, to bear the brunt of the state’s cuts.”Echoing a frequent refrain, the report’s backers say legislation raising taxes on the wealthy would help to protect students from devastating cuts.The report was released Tuesday by the Alliance for Quality Education and the Public Policy and Education fund of New York, both in New York City. Take a look at the full report below:Failed to fetch Error: URL to the PDF file must be on exactly the same domain as the current web page. Click here for more info Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)
Indonesia’s state miner Mining Industry Indonesia (MIND ID), formerly known as PT Inalum, completed its purchase of a 20 percent stake in nickel miner PT Vale Indonesia, the country’s state- owned enterprises ministry said on Thursday.MIND ID bought the 20 percent stake at Rp 2,780 per share, totaling to Rp 5.52 trillion (US$375.77 million), the ministry said in a statement.Brazil’s Vale Group controls 44.34 percent of PT Vale Indonesia, while Japan’s Sumimoto Metal Mining Co. Ltd holds 15.93 percent of shares, the ministry said. MIND ID bought 14.9 percent stake from Vale Canada Ltd, the Canadian subsidiary of Vale Group, and 5.1 percent from Sumimoto, according to the statement.“With this transaction, we add more state ownership in the mining sector,” State-Owned Enterprises Minister Erick Thohir said.“This is also a great step to strengthen the value chain in Indonesian and the development of the battery industry for electric cars.”The Indonesian government is keen to build a holistic onshore electric vehicle (EV) industry, covering everything from the production of nickel chemicals needed for batteries, through to producing those batteries and eventually building vehicles domestically.Mining Industry Indonesia changed its name from PT Inalum in August to distinguish its holding company function from its smelting operational business.Topics :
According to Live Science, a beetle preserved in amber, dated at 100 million years old, was caught in the act of using chemical warfare. “Soldier beetles” capable of this kind of advanced defense system were not thought to have evolved till 60 million years later. This article contains several statements worthy of the Stupid Evolution Quote of the Week prize:The discovery of a bug that roamed with the dinosaurs has shown that insects were equipped with chemical weapons much earlier than thought…. ….the beetle fired an acidic repellent at the attacker—providing researchers with a frozen glimpse of a 100 million-year-old battle for survival. What’s even more remarkable, he says, is that this finding pushes back the known existence of this type of beetle by about 60 million years, making it the earliest fossil record of chemical weaponry in animals…. ….the researchers concluded that the insect was most likely a member of an extinct soldier beetle species which was an ancestor to modern soldier beetles that pack similar kinds of ammunition…. “That this type of defense has been preserved through 100 million years of evolution is evidence that it works pretty well.”These quotes satisfy the prize criteria by: (1) attributing complex structures to evolution without explaining how they evolved (i.e., telling a just-so story), and (2) holding to evolutionary dating schemes even though the claim pushes the origin of the complex structure further back in time.Student Exercise: Try rewriting the LiveScience article without the evolutionary spin. Describe what was observed. Include facts that are remarkable and interesting, but keep the evidence open to other interpretations that do not simply assume evolution (including the millions-of-years dates).(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Standing in front of their aircraft on the brand new landing strip near the SKA site in the Northern Cape, are (l to r), Prof Justin Jonas, Dr Val Munsami, Minister David Willetts, Sir Steve Smith, Dr Simon Berry, Tim Moody, Vinny Pillay and Tracy Cheetham.(Image: Janine Erasmus)One of the reasons that the SKA is located where it is, is because of the low population density in that part of the country, resulting in little or no radio interference.(Image: SKA)A view of the KAT-7 from the top of nearby Losberg, which acts as a barrier between the installation and the SKA admin and control site.Justin Jonas and David Willetts gaze out over the MeerKAT core. Foundations for the 64-dish telescope are already being poured and the first dish is expected to be installed by the end of the year.(Images: Janine Erasmus)MEDIA CONTACTS • Tommy MakhodeChief director, communications:Department of Science and Technology• Marina JoubertSKA South Africa communications+27 83 409 4254 Janine ErasmusIt’s all systems go at the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) site in the Northern Cape. There’s a brand new landing strip which will cut down on transport time to and from the site, and a whole host of new buildings going up. And there’s also the MeerKAT, the SKA precursor, which is under construction.The all-weather landing strip will eliminate a couple of hours of travelling time, because it saves people having to drive from the airstrip in Carnarvon – about an hour each way – which was previously the case. Getting new equipment in will also be a lot easier.It’s 1.3km long and 18m wide and is registered as a voluntary un-manned landing strip with the South African Civil Aviation Authority. It can accommodate 13-seaters and any smaller craft, but there is provision to upgrade the voluntary registration to a fully licenced landing strip, if larger aircraft should ever need to land.On 11 September the UK’s minister for universities and science, David Willetts, was part of a delegation that touched down on the landing trip for the first time. He was accompanied by Sir Steve Smith, vice-chancellor of Exeter University; Dr Simon Berry, SKA expert from the UK’s Science and Technology Facilities Council; and Tim Moody, second secretary for science and innovation at the British High Commission.While in South Africa, WIlletts signed an agreement with his South African counterpart Derek Hanekom, to strengthen collaboration between scientists in the two countries. The two ministers pledged their support for an initiative called the Scientific Seminar Scheme. Funded equally by both ministries, this programme will comprise a series of conferences and seminars that will bring together groups of early- to mid-career scientists from South Africa and the UK.“It’s very exciting to see sub-Saharan Africa leading what is going to be one of the big science experiments of the next decade, and it’s going to be a great boost for science in South Africa and across the continent,” said Willetts, adding that he was impressed with the amount and quality of work that had been done on the SKA, as well as the speed with which the local team was working.“Where we are will be the centre of the biggest science infrastructure in the world in a decade or so,” said Prof Justin Jonas, associate director for science and engineering at SKA South Africa. “Africa has already become a big hub for science.”Easier to get thereBuildings around the site, which were quite sparse originally, are now springing up everywhere. One of the most important is the new Karoo Array processor building. This will house all the data processing racks, as well as the power and back-up equipment, required for MeerKAT. Because it’s so important to keep radio interference to a minimum, much of the processor building, including the data rack room and control room, will lie 5m below the ground. In addition, the data rack and control rooms will be shielded with steel panels over the walls and ceiling.There will be 50 racks for MeerKAT and 80 for SKA phase one. “This is where the processing will be happening,” said Jonas. “The dishes themselves use relatively small amounts of power, but a lot of power will be going to the computers.”He explained that the data rack room has to be completely shielded to prevent radio frequency interference affecting the incoming data from the telescope, and that the joins between panels will be examined with a device called a sniffer to ensure that the room is secure. If it’s not, the entire facility will be rendered useless.The door alone will weigh 360kg and will be about 30cm thick. “The amount of force required to put the door in place is more than a person can muster, so it’s pneumatic.”The data must be processed on the fly before it’s sent back to the office in Cape Town, said Jonas, because it would be too expensive to store it or send huge amounts of raw data down a fibre cable – “It’s best to put the computers where the data is,” he said. “They don’t need to be in the big city. We’re talking about data bandwidth that’s equal to that of a small continent.”Another building that’s undergoing changes is the dish assembly shed. With its volume now more than double that of the original, the team can work on two dishes at one time. A pedestal integration shed is also nearing completion – this facility will allow for the addition of the pedestal and electronics, and pre-installation testing as well.The processor building is expected to be finished by March 2014 and the shed by the end of September 2013 – this is a must because MeerKAT dish construction is expected to begin soon.Building the SKAThe 64-dish MeerKAT will be completed in 2016, and will then be the largest radio telescope in the world – until the SKA overtakes it. The team expects the first MeerKAT dish to be completed and installed by the end of 2013.At the time of the site visit, five foundations had been poured. Laying a MeerKAT foundation is not the same as laying one for a building – it’s a complex structure that has to support a 19m-high antenna and keep it stable enough in strong winds to continue accurately gathering data, as well as protect it from lightning damage. Each foundation consists of 78 cubic metres of concrete and nine tons of steel reinforcement and has to comply with a set of rigorous quality standards.The MeerKAT telescope is estimated to cost about R2-billion (US$204-million), but, said Jonas, the total budget is about R3.9-billion ($398-million) because of all the other components, such as the highly successful human capital development programme.MeerKAT will be followed by the first phase of the mid-frequency SKA component, which will be located in the area where KAT-7 and MeerKAT stand, and will comprise the existing dishes plus an extra 190.“SKA phase one extends out for about 100km or so,” said Jonas. “It’s expected that phase one will go operational in 2018, or perhaps a bit later.”Phase two of the SKA will extend further out into the African partner countries, and will also see low-frequency components coming online in Australia and New Zealand.
Take a look at the miniatures, models, matte paintings, puppets, and other practical effects that brought a distant galaxy to life.Star Wars is famous for a lot of reasons, but one of the original trilogy’s greatest accomplishments was its masterful incorporation of practical effects. To celebrate May the 4th, we decided to round up a few videos that showcase the unparalleled talents of the Star Wars special effects team.The original trilogy has been released on home video seemingly a thousand times at this point, and a few of the following videos appear to have been transferred from VHS tapes. So, to paraphrase the Emperor… Let the nostalgia flow through you.Slimy Piece of Worm-Ridden Filth – Life Inside Jabba the HuttBy: Filmumentaries – Jamie BenningIn Jamie’s own words:After interviewing puppeteer Toby Philpott at great length over Skype I decided to go a step further and create a mini documentary about his work on Jabba the Hutt for Return of the Jedi. This led me down many paths. Here is the result.Dennis Muren Interview: The RancorBy: Star WarsKeeping with the theme of Large & Fairly Disgusting Creatures… In this video, hollywood effects legend Dennis Muren discusses the challenges he faced when bringing the Rancor to life in Return of the Jedi.Return of the Jedi – Special Location EffectsBy: Filmumentaries – Jamie BenningRenowned special effects master Kevin Pike talks about his location special effects work on Return of the Jedi, including participating in the construction of a full-sized AT-ST Scout Walker and Jabba’s sail barge. Which is awesome.Star Wars Visual Effects, from AT-ATs to TauntaunsBy: Star WarsThis is easily my favorite video in this roundup. With a couple of segments narrated by Mark Hamill himself, this vintage clip showcases the unbelievable patience and precision it took to create some of the most iconic sequences in film history.BB-8 Droid From the Force Awakens Rolls out on Stage at Star Wars Celebration AnaheimBy: Inside the MagicAnybody worried that Star Wars: The Force Awakens will be Prequel-like display of overdone CGI effects can rest easy. Here’s a quote from J.J. Abrams himself, speaking to fans at the 2015 Star Wars Celebration in California:The thing that struck me, that wouldn’t get out of my head, is just how real you knew and felt Star Wars was when you first saw A New Hope. You couldn’t deny it… It’s Star Wars. There will be an endless number of effects. We needed a standard. You want it to be legitimate and authentic.And in one of the convention’s most exciting moments, Abrams introduced BB-8, a completely practical and present droid. As BB-8 rolled up next to R2D2, on stage and in front of a live audience, it was as if millions of cynical voices suddenly cried out in relief and were suddenly silenced.Things have definitely come a long way, but not so far that the lessons of the past are forgotten. It’s refreshing to see the Star Wars legacy in the hands of people who recognize the undeniable emotional pull of tangible practical effects.If you’d like to see a few more examples of great (and a few pretty not-so-great) special effects, check out these stories from the PremiumBeat blog:Top 10 Practical Movie Effects of All TimeCineFix Presents a Collection of the Best Visual Effects10 Examples of Horrible Hollywood Special EffectsWhat are your favorite Star Wars practical effects? Are practical effects worth the trouble? How adorable is BB8? Share your thoughts in the comment section!
Trump campaign, GOP groups attack Google’s new ad policy Urgent reply from Philippine football chief Hong Kong tunnel reopens, campus siege nears end Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbed Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netOn a day National University pulled off a huge stunner, Ateneo quietly locked up a fifth straight victory and tightened its hold on the top spot in UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball—and the Lady Eagles owe a lot of their success to the emergence of Bea de Leon as a team leader.The feisty team captain scored 14 points in her breakout game for the season as Ateneo demolished Adamson, 25-8, 22-25, 25-16, 25-10, on Wednesday at Filoil Flying V Centre.ADVERTISEMENT The Lady Maroons, despite the 20 points from Tots Carlos and 15 from Justine Dorog, fell to their third defeat in six matches despite seemingly being in control for a majority of the match. Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem The win did not generate as much thrills as the one later in the day, when the Lady Bulldogs chewed off three match points to shock University of the Philippines, 25-17, 14-25, 17-25, 25-23, 17-15.But it cemented Ateneo’s status as top title threat after that label was put in question by an opening weekend defeat to defending champion and fierce rival La Salle.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesDe Leon received profuse praises from Ateneo coach Oliver Almadro, who said his senior player “always makes things easier for me on the bench.”Known for providing leadership and spunk rather than piling up points, De Leon said she got a boost when Almadro told her that he doesn’t “always need my points, he just wants my voice.” Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Especially since the points came from just about everybody in the Ateneo lineup, with Ponggay Gaston making 16, including six from the service area.Kat Tolentino added 15, while Jules Samonte and Maddie Madayag chipped in seven and six, respectively.“That’s the difference now, they are talking to each other. And they know what they want to do out there,” said Almadro.The Lady Eagles are now alone on top with a 5-1 card while inflicting on the Lady Falcons their fifth defeat in six games.Rookies Ivy Lacsina and Princess Robles combined for 31 points, while libero Jennifer Nierva had 29 excellent receptions and 26 excellent digs for the Lady Bulldogs, who snapped their three-game losing streak.ADVERTISEMENT PH clubs Ceres-Negros, Kaya-Iloilo lead their groups after big victories SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte 1 dead, 3 injured in Quezon road crash PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss LATEST STORIES View comments
Chelsea Liverpool’s Daniel Sturridge hits back after Eden Hazard’s Chelsea strike Premier League Read more Jürgen Klopp backs out-of-sorts Mohamed Salah to overcome tough spell Share on Pinterest Topics Hazard it was who opened the scoring, spinning in the centre circle and firing the thrusters away from the left side of the Liverpool defence, feet battering the turf at extraordinary speed, like a drum roll before the finish. Mateo Kovacic found him with an expert through pass. As Alisson came out, Hazard found the far corner of the net with a lovely clipped finish.As for Salah, well, no doubt some will exaggerate his bluntness here for effect. Four goals in his last 14 games for Liverpool is a decent enough return, just small potatoes next to the glorious deluge of last season. Salah was also below his best against a stronger team again. Since April, the Premier League player of the year has scored against Brighton, Saudi Arabia, West Ham and Southampton. In the same period, he’s also failed to score against Chelsea, Paris Saint-Germain, Tottenham, Real Madrid, Chelsea, Roma and now Chelsea – again. Flat-track bully, the unkind whispers have suggested, those thrilling performances against Manchester City and Roma in the spring banished too eagerly.Such is the nature of football at the level Salah has reached, a brutal business of starkly metered progress and constant comparison. And yet, even on an off day, he might have scored a hat-trick and still made most of the chances he managed to miss. Chelsea didn’t mark Salah closely, allowing him space at times. Twice he found space for a shot inside David Luiz, who spent those opening minutes running around like a labrador getting its first taste of the beach after a 100-mile car journey, turning somersaults, biting his own tail, chasing squirrels up trees.There was a shot ballooned into the crowd, a fluffed pass across goal. Perhaps the best part of this for Liverpool was the fact that it didn’t seem terminal, mitigated by points of strength elsewhere. Virgil van Dijk was immense again, accepting the offer to wrestle with Olivier Giroud and marching Chelsea’s centre-forward around the pitch like a man making a successful citizen’s arrest. But then, such is Van Dijk’s basic physical scale that bringing him to conservation-area west London probably breaches some kind of planning rule, erection of a semi-permanent Dutch defensive edifice.Liverpool were able to bring genuine strength from the bench, Xherdan Shaqiri missing the chance to level the scores, then Sturridge taking it with a stunningly conceived dipping shot – a moment of brilliance pulled out of the air in the most taut and congested finales.As for Salah, it will be fascinating to see how he resolves a mild but predictable slump after the adrenal success of last season. For now, there will be encouragement for Jürgen Klopp in Liverpool’s ability to keep scoring goals, to dig out results like these, and to show a different kind of strength. Share on LinkedIn Sportblog Share on Facebook Share via Email Mohamed Salah Share on WhatsApp And while there will be concern at the sheer number of chances missed, there was a resilience to Liverpool here. Not to mention some significance in being able to match Chelsea with their star attacker so obviously off form. Salah left the pitch with 25 minutes to go and in that period Liverpool grew stronger, seemed more rather than less likely to score, just as all season they have ground out the odd result and shared the goals around.It is bit of a puzzle: which is the real Liverpool? The fast-breaking dervishes of the second half of last season, powered by the chancy brilliance of Salah’s goal rush? Or the more gristly, more controlled team that has tended to grind a little more, to come on strong rather than devour opponents from the start?What is certain is that Salah does look below his best level. This game had been billed, rightly or wrongly, as a head-to-head in the creative areas, a measure of Eden Hazard’s current sublime form against the memory of Salah’s brilliance last season. If this always seemed like a simplification, then Hazard was brilliant here all the same, confirming his status as the outstanding player in the league right now. Under Maurizio Sarri, Hazard has been asked to engage only the forward gears. This must be the right way to use him. Just give us the good stuff, as much as you’ve got. features Eden Hazard Read more Share on Messenger Liverpool Share on Twitter Twenty minutes after the final whistle, with the sky above the stands fading to a deep pinky-blue, the Liverpool fans were still singing. This was an excellent game with elements of cheer for both teams in a 1-1 draw – and indeed for Manchester City, too, who saw both their main title rivals gouge a piece out of each other at Stamford Bridge.For Liverpool’s supporters, there was a little extra feeling in taking a well-deserved point through Daniel Sturridge’s brilliant late equaliser. There are two elements to this. Most obviously, Liverpool drew at Chelsea despite Mo Salah seeming once again to have his gears misaligned, haring around the Stamford Bridge pitch like a soap box cart with a wonky wheel. Reuse this content
Touch Football Australia (TFA) has recently reviewed and updated the TFA Member Protection Policy, in line with Australian Sports Commission standards. It is a requirement by TFA that all state, regional and affiliate entities formally adopt the TFA Member Protection Policy – 2015 version of this policy, under the TFA constitution. This policy will take effect from 1 January 2015 and will be made available via the TFA website.TFA has a legal obligation in relation to harassment, discrimination and child protection. Furthermore we also have moral obligations to establish appropriate standards of behaviour and to provide safe and respectful sporting environments. As member entities of TFA we require you also to implement and regularly update policies and procedures that assist sports to comply with the law and improve the sporting environment.For more information, please click on the attached memo and policy below. Related Filesmemorandum_-_member_protection_policy_2015_update-pdfmember_protection_policy_2015-pdfRelated LinksMember Protection Policy